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January 4th, 2018 Comments off

Folkhemmet

Folkhemmet, the Swedish Welfare State, is a term used by social democratic politician Per Albin Hansson to describe an equal society without class differences, characterised by mutual understanding.

In Folkhemmet’s Sweden, everyone was entitled to decent housing.

The era of Folkhemmet was roughly between 1930 and 1965.

The housing situation in Sweden in the early 20th century

At the beginning of the 20th century, Sweden was a country with large class differences. Many people lived in small spaces in dark, old-fashioned apartments. The rent could be high. Having a lodger was common, even if the apartment did not have a separate living room or bedroom. Hygiene was a problem. Only having access to cold water and an outdoor privy made it difficult for people to keep themselves, their clothes and their homes clean.

Various initiatives were taken to improve the housing situation, including some non-profit housing foundations as well as the early own-your-own-home movement and later co-operative housing associations, such as HSB.

The 1930’s saw the start of a social housing study, the aim being to chart the situation in Sweden and to produce guidelines for housing policy. After the Second World War, efforts were made by national and local authorities to tackle the housing shortage and improve standards. The goal was good housing at a reasonable cost for residents: a maximum of two people per room, excluding the kitchen. Rent should equate to around one-fifth of an industrial worker’s pay.

The new apartments were built according to the Functionalist ideal presented at the Stockholm Expo in 1930 – ideally dual-perspective windows, and easy to clean without unnecessary edging on doors and cupboards. Great care was also taken with the fixtures and fittings.

Different studies were carried out to discover how a housewife used her workspace, the home. This is were Hemmens forskningsinstitut – literally The Household Research Institute – which was formed in 1944, played an important role.

The apartment from the era of Folkhemmet is produced by Nordiska museet 2013.

https://www.nordiskamuseet.se/

Categories: History, Society Tags: , , , ,

I Forgot About Marcus

August 2nd, 2017 Comments off

I must have somehow mentally suppressed the fact that Marcus Intalex passed away in May 2017?

Marcus Julian Kaye (1971-2017)

It is another tragic and tremendous loss. I cannot and I will not write about that.

I did not know him and I don’t think that I’ve ever met him, but I do know him in an other sense, through the music he produced, my music, our music and that would be: Drum’n’Bass. Art is greater than life.

Just to put it in perspective, it is has to be at the latest 1995. So what? Well, it is 2017 today right?

If you do a bit of subtraction? It will be a minimum of 22 years “Is it love or purely fantasy”?

I cannot have been a newborn when I first started listening? Not physically? I can’t recall crawling from the maternity ward directly to the dance floor even though the idea in it self is more than appealing. I am pretty sure I went to kindergarten and school as most of the people I know.

Solid State – Point Of No Return – Just A Vision – Marcus Intalex & ST Files Remix – 2000
Total Science – Audio Works 04 – Warp 3 (TS Remix) – Marcus Intalex & ST Files- 2002
Klute – No One’s Listening Anymore – Make A Stand – Marcus Intalex – 2010
31 Recordings presents Future Beats: The Album – These Days – Marcus Intalex – 2014

Again. If you know or like it that’s fab. If you don’t? Well, then I guess you don’t, but you could if you wanted to, right Bob?

Someone once told me that it is very important to be passionate and I could not possibly disagree with that statement/advice. It did provoke me: +25000 and 22 odd years later… it is possible that I’ve misunderstood things again. But the statement/advice still remains true.

The World is a pretty harsh place if you ask me. And life can be… brutally “unfair” (now there’s a word that I try really, really, really hard to avoid). Actually it supports the ancient Greeks and Romans view of things.

Surprising? I would have to say yes, however what really surprises me is the unwillingness. What do you mean by that? I mean the unwillingness to stand up for the sacred principal of all individual’s believes and convictions.

Important: it is not a question about who is holding the absolute truth. No man, woman or child will ever do so and as far as know I have never claimed that I did (for the record I am neither a child (that’s probably debatable) nor a woman…). In all honesty that proposition would be truly ridiculous.

Please be the greater woman/man and try to act dignified and civilised in these troubled times. Why? Because I’m convinced our very civilisation depends upon it.

“- Meeeeeeen J****************… (följt av en mycket djup suck). ‘- Men nu överdriver du bara!'”. (.se) “- Buuuuuuut F****************… (followed by a very deep sigh). ‘- Now, you’re just exaggerating!'”.[.uk]

That may be the case, but I do know this for a fact, not everything in this World is personal and there is a bigger picture to consider. All actions count, no matter how small or big they may turn out to be. Every action will have a consequence, it may be foreseeable or not but it will occur nevertheless.

That is my belief, and obviously it does not apply to the obscurantists. The ones that believe that everything that happens is due to predestination. I respect that belief in principle, because I believe in the principle that allows that belief. That is my strongest belief. Freedom.

The obscurantists’ idea? I find it to be completely unreasonable, it is not supported by anything to be found in this or any other World that is within human knowledge or reach. Their whole concept is flawed. Why bother? Well, a crushing majority of fellow humans are guided by similar ideas in one sense or other.

It would not be a problem apart from one crucial thing. “My” system allows for and accommodates all other systems even the contradictory ones. The “Obscurantist” system does not even consider allowing anything else, not even variations of their own system. That is unacceptable. Are we off topic? You bet.

The core of democracy is an idea. The best human invention ever. Without it? I would not be reading, looking or listening to anything. I would have one book to read, if I could indeed read or I would be trying to kill everyone who was not reading my book. Fine. Except one thing that is simply not civilised.

It is very dangerous (according to me) to assume (anything really) that principles that took 4000 years to establish are for granted. Like the principles of true democracy, like the idea of equality among humans.

What, no not again? Yes, I’m afraid so. Fact: 20 years passed between the first and second World war. My grandmother and many others lived through not only one but two (2) World wars. If you can give me a 100% guarantee that it will never happen again, then I will not mention it ever again. I promise.

Finally: I may have made a joke… it was unintentional to begin with but naturally I did have to spoil it. So, no the heading is not referring to “Garvey” and it is most definitely not referring to Birro. I can not stress how important it is. The heading is in no way referring to that Marcus, alright? Actually there is a third reference. It is a song.

Too many tracks. How does those clever smarty-pants fit now? They’re quite snug, no?

It has to “perfect”. The number of edits does not count. I really should cut, structure and edit this text. I’m not going to do that. I’m just going to leave it as is.